Sunflower seeds are planted or sold in the sun without plowing the soil, but this can be done if it is necessary to plow it, taking into account the preparation of a suitable place for planting seeds, and it must be ensured that there are no spaces next to the seed when placing it in the hole, and closing it well so that it does not dry out, and when planting seeds Without plowing the soil, it must be ensured that the pits are closed well after sowing, in addition to protecting them from insects that may attack them and there are many plowing systems used to produce a healthy crop, but it has been proven that traditional systems increase the presence of It attacks it, and there are many plowing systems used to produce a healthy crop, but it has been proven that traditional systems increase the presence of potassium and nitrogen in the soil, and increase the temperature of the cultivated place, and among these traditional methods: mouldboard plowing, plowing Chisel plowing, but due to soil erosion, farmers resort to ridge tilage.
The seeding rate
varies in size of sunflower seeds, so when estimating the seeding rate in a specific land area, the number of plants per acre is determined, not the weight of seed kernels for the same dunum. In medium or less average soil, the seeding rate ranges between 5-6 thousand Plants/dunums, As for the soil with the highest production, the seeding rate ranges between 5.5-6.5 thousand plants/dunums.
Sunflower crops ripen when the back color of the flower becomes yellow, and when it turns brown, it is ready for harvest. Several machines are used in this process.