Scientific name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Family: Brassicaceae / Cruciferae
Common Names: Phool Gobhi-Hindi, Hoo kosu- Kannada,
Soil and climatic requirement: Soil: Sandy loam soil are recommended for early crop and clay loam recommended for late crop. but this can grow wide range of soil, Ideal pH is 6.0-7.0. Climate: It grow well in moist and cool climate. This can sustain to low temperature. 10-25 degree C is the optimum temperature for cultivation of Cauliflower.
Crop Duration:120 days
Planting season: For early crop- May to june, main crop July – Aug and late crop sep-oct.
Spacing: Early crop: 45×45 Cm and for Late crop: 60×60 cm.
Depth of sowing: 1 cm
Germination period: 8-10 days
Hours of sunlight required:6 hrs of full sun
Irrigation: watering should be provided to crop every 4-7 days to the early planting and 10-15 days for late cropping. At head formation stage enough moisture should be required.
Companion crops:Beans, Celery, Oregano, Peas and Tomato
Seed treatment: Seeds treat with hot water for about 1 hr.